Symptoms of concussion may be obvious and show up right away, or they may be subtler, not performing for days—or weeks—later. Right here are the concussion symptoms to understand, so that you can spot them in yourself, or in others.
Concussion signs and symptoms
Mind injuries are on many human beings’s minds in recent times. Latest research shows that even a single concussion (and surely numerous) may have long time outcomes like structural brain damage that may result in depression and tension as well as continual headaches, balance issues, and difficulties with interest or concentration. They’re also strikingly common. In a current ballot of extra than three,000 ladies and men, 23% said they’d suffered at least one concussion during their lives. Those figures are self said—the respondents might have been seen by means of a clinical professional or simply identified themselves. However considering that there’s currently no definitive, objective exam for concussion—they don’t show up on MRIS or CT scans—spotting the signs is how they’re identified whether you, a chum, or your medical doctor makes the call.
“if you have a positive set of signs and symptoms, you may be reasonably certain you have got a concussion,” says explains kenneth podell, phd, director of houston methodist concussion middle. It’s critical to recognise that signs can be sudden and acute or may be subtler and worsen over the following couple of days, he provides. Know the signs so you can get the assist you need as quickly as possible to rule out probably lifestyles threatening brain damage, to get your mind at the mend, and to minimize the threat of lasting repercussions.
Right here are 9 telltale symptoms to search for.
You think you might have a concussion
Trust your instincts and don’t second-guess yourself when it comes to your brain, says Hummel. “If you’ve hit your head hard and feel off and it crosses your mind that you could have a concussion, chances are pretty good that you do. Go get yourself checked out to be safe.”
You feel lethargic
It takes a lot of energy to heal an injured brain. It’s very common to feel drowsy, listless, and downright lethargic. Along those lines, keeping someone awake after a concussion is no longer recommended. “Physical and cognitive rest during the first 24 to 48 hours is essential for proper concussion healing,” says Hummel. He recommends that you find someone to stay with you if you live alone for the first 24 hours after the injury. This is in case you develop symptoms of a life-threatening hematoma, such as loss of consciousness, inability to be awakened, as well as worsening severe headache.[Read: 8 Metabolism Secrets That Help You Blast Calories]
Your sleep is messed up
A cruel irony of concussion is that though you may feel totally wiped out, you also may find that you can’t sleep well at night. Research shows that up to 90% of people who have had a concussion suffer with sleep disturbances such as insomnia.
The world is fuzzy and/or bright lights hurt
If you’re having trouble focusing—literally with your eyes—you’re likely concussed. Double or blurry vision is a symptom, as is light sensitivity. “If all the sudden the world seems too bright and light is really bothering you, that’s a sign of concussion,” says Hummel.
You feel anxious, irritable, or just not like yourself
Feeling anxious is a common symptom of depression, as are other personality changes like irritability. But depending on your circumstances, these can be trickier to pick up in yourself. You just had a traumatic incident that probably hurt like heck and scared you, so sure you’re maybe not yourself. But don’t brush it off. Pay attention if others point out any personality changes, says Hummel. “Someone who knows you well can pick out subtle changes in your personality like you’re usually pretty happy go lucky, but now you’re more quiet and withdrawn that can signal a brain injury,” he says
You’re foggy or confused
Feeling foggy, confused, or mentally slow are all signs of concussion, says Dr. Podell. It can be profound, such as not knowing which way is home, or more subtle problems with processing information. Having trouble remembering things, being unable to concentrate or pay attention, or having more trouble than usual organizing your daily tasks, solving problems, or making decisions are all signs that you’ve injured your brain.
You’re dizzy, off balance, and may be sick to your stomach
Being dizzy or off balance is a common symptom of concussion, so much so that balance testing is a common assessment tool for diagnosing the injury as well as for evaluating recovery. If your head is spinning and you’re stumbling around, those are red flags signaling concussion, says Hummel. But even subtle symptoms like feeling unsteady on your feet can indicate a brain injury. In some cases you may also feel sick to your stomach or vomit after you’ve hit your head—both of which are symptoms of a concussion.
You were knocked out
If you were out for the count, you’re concussed. If you’re by your lonesome and you come-to without even realizing you were knocked out, but are disoriented and don’t remember how you got on the ground, that also means you’re concussed. “Interestingly, being knocked out doesn’t mean you have a more severe concussion than if you weren’t knocked unconscious,” says Chris Hummel, clinical associate professor in Ithaca College’s Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences.[Read:Stressful Events Can Age the Brain by up to 4 Years]
You have a headache that just won’t quit
Clocking your head is bound to hurt. If you have a concussion, however, that headache won’t go away and it will likely feel different from those you’ve had in the past, says neurologist Barry Kosofsky, MD, PhD, of New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medicine. “It’s like a pressure headache that is nearly constant. It may get worse when you lie down and a little better when you stand up,” he says. “It also is inducible by increased blood flow to the brain. So doing mental or physical activities that bring more blood into the brain will cause pain.”